principal point of curvature

principal point of curvature
вершина кривой
главная точка закругления
главная точка кривой

English-Russian cartography dictionary. 2013.

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  • Curvature — In mathematics, curvature refers to any of a number of loosely related concepts in different areas of geometry. Intuitively, curvature is the amount by which a geometric object deviates from being flat, or straight in the case of a line, but this …   Wikipedia

  • Principal curvature — Saddle surface with normal planes in directions of principal curvatures In differential geometry, the two principal curvatures at a given point of a surface are the eigenvalues of the shape operator at the point. They measure how the surface… …   Wikipedia

  • Curvature of Riemannian manifolds — In mathematics, specifically differential geometry, the infinitesimal geometry of Riemannian manifolds with dimension at least 3 is too complicated to be described by a single number at a given point. Riemann introduced an abstract and rigorous… …   Wikipedia

  • principal component analysis — ( PCA) A mathematical tool used to reduce the number of variables while retaining the original variability of the data The first principal component accounts for as much of the variability in the data as possible, and each succeeding component… …   Financial and business terms

  • curvature — /kerr veuh cheuhr, choor /, n. 1. the act of curving or the state of being curved. 2. a curved condition, often abnormal: curvature of the spine. 3. the degree of curving of a line or surface. 4. Geom. a. (at a point on a curve) the derivative of …   Universalium

  • Curvature of a measure — In mathematics, the curvature of a measure defined on the Euclidean plane R2 is a quantification of how much the measure s distribution of mass is curved . It is related to notions of curvature in geometry. In the form presented below, the… …   Wikipedia

  • Curvature tensor — In differential geometry, the term curvature tensor may refer to: the Riemann curvature tensor of a Riemannian manifold see also Curvature of Riemannian manifolds; the curvature of an affine connection or covariant derivative (on tensors); the… …   Wikipedia

  • Radius of curvature (applications) — The distance from the center of a sphere or ellipsoid to its surface is its radius. The equivalent surface radius that is described by radial distances at points along the body s surface is its radius of curvature (more formally, the radius of… …   Wikipedia

  • Membrane curvature — is the geometrical measure or characterization of the curvature of membranes. The membranes can be naturally occurring or man made (synthetic). An example of naturally occurring membrane is the lipid bilayer of cells, also known as cellular… …   Wikipedia

  • Scalar curvature — In Riemannian geometry, the scalar curvature (or Ricci scalar) is the simplest curvature invariant of a Riemannian manifold. To each point on a Riemannian manifold, it assigns a single real number determined by the intrinsic geometry of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Mean curvature — In mathematics, the mean curvature H of a surface S is an extrinsic measure of curvature that comes from differential geometry and that locally describes the curvature of an embedded surface in some ambient space such as Euclidean space. The… …   Wikipedia


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